Boy Erased – Movie Review

By Leslie C. Halpern

According to the movie’s trailer, 77,000 people are currently being held in conversion therapy across America. This film, based on the 2016 memoir Boy Erased by Garrard Conley, tells the true story of one young man who was forced into the church-sanctioned program by his parents to erase his homosexuality.

Nicole Kidman and Russell Crowe star in Boy Erased. Photo copyright 2018 Focus Features.

The son of a Baptist preacher (Russell Crowe) and a God-fearing mother (Nicole Kidman), Jared Eamons (Lucas Hedges) is forced to confront his homosexual impulses. Although he has a steady girlfriend throughout high school (Madelyn Cline), he breaks up with her when he goes to college – eager to be free of her increasingly demanding requests for a more physical relationship. At college, he quickly befriends Henry (Joe Alwyn), a handsome, athletic young man who sexually assaults Jared in an ugly violent scene.

Year-Long Conversion Program

When it’s clear their friendship has ended because of the assault, Henry seeks revenge by outing Jared through a prank telephone call to his parents. The call prompts his father to seek the advice of church elders, who unanimously decide the boy needs conversion therapy to chase away the devil inside him. Mrs. Eamons drives her son to the extended Love In Action assessment facility where he’ll be evaluated by its self-appointed expert, Victor Sykes (Joel Edgerton, who also directed the film and wrote the screenplay), to determine whether or not he’ll need the year-long conversion program.

Not surprisingly, most gay participants do not undergo an instant “cure” during the assessment phase, and get recommended for a year-long stay at the facility. The conversion program includes public shaming, invasions of privacy, mock funerals, and physical beatings with the bible. Some attendees embrace the philosophy and want to change, others play along with the program awaiting release, and (in a melodramatic climax) Jared refuses to submit to the ridiculous inauthentic spectacle.

Fine Performances

Kidman (who hails from Australia) is especially good in this role as a sharply dressed Southern Baptist who undergoes a conversion of her own in which she’s finally able to stand up to her husband while still embracing her beliefs. Edgerton also delivers a fine performance in which we’re never quite sure how much Sykes actually believes the rhetoric he spews. For example, when he encourages the teens to divulge more of the sexual details that brought them to Love In Action, there’s a hint of salaciousness without full-blown licentiousness. Likewise, Hedges offers a nuanced performance in which it’s unclear how much of the happy boy has been erased and how much replaced with a struggling young man.

Despite the good performances, there’s often a staged feel to the scenes – a manipulation that arises partly from the material and partly from the direction. Telling audiences what to think and feel sometimes seems a little too much like conversion therapy.

 Boy Erased

  • The gay son of a Baptist preacher is sent to a strict church-supported conversion therapy program where they try to set him “straight.”
  • Stars: Lucas Hedges, Nicole Kidman, Russell Crowe, Joel Edgerton, Cherry Jones, Madelyn Cline, Theodore Pellerin, Joe Alwyn, Britton Sear, Flea, David Joseph Craig
  • Director: Joel Edgerton
  • Writer: Joel Edgerton (screenplay); Garrard Conley (author of memoir, Boy Erased)
  • Genre: Biography/Drama
  • Run Time: 114 minutes
  • MPAA Rating: R (for sexual content including an assault, some language and brief drug use)

Leslie C. Halpern is the author of Scantily Clad Truths: Essays on Life with Clothes (and without) and 200 Love Lessons from the Movies.

The Ballad of Buster Scruggs – Movie Review

By Leslie C. Halpern

Six star-studded short stories, the first of which boasts the film’s title, present an off-kilter, dark-humored Coen-brothers version of America’s Old Wild West.

Tim Blake Nelson stars as Buster Scruggs in The Ballad of Buster Scruggs. Photo copyright 2018 Netflix.

Although the subjects of each story differ, common themes emerge among these stories. Contained within a stylish framework of a book of western shorts, there’s a focus on the fickleness of fate, impermanence of life, the thin line between outlaw and hero, and contrasts between traveling and arriving at destinations.

A Cold-Blooded Singing Cowboy

The title story stars Tim Blake Nelson as a quick-drawing singing cowboy named Buster Scruggs. His reputation as a well-mannered, but cold-blooded killer precedes him wherever he goes. Short and unassuming in appearance, Buster benefits from being underestimated by others, until one day he overestimates himself. Add Buster Scruggs to the list of quirky characters that Nelson has made famous.

In the second story, “Near Algodones,” James Franco stars as a dim-witted bandit who confronts a quick-acting bank teller (Stephen Root) in a botched robbery attempt. In the next segment, “Meal Ticket,” Liam Neeson portrays the cold-hearted owner of a traveling show who earns his living off the oratory talent of a legless and armless young man (Harry Melling). The fourth tale, “All Gold Canyon,” involves an old prospector (Tom Waits) who believes he’s finally going to strike it rich. In the fifth story, “The Gal Who Got Rattled,” a lonely young woman (Zoe Kazan) and a wagon train leader (Bill Heck) hope to marry when they finally reach Oregon.

The final segment, “The Mortal Remains,” presents five people on a stagecoach headed for a hotel. The strange assortment features an older woman (Tyne Daly) hoping to reunite with her estranged husband, a smelly trapper (Chelcie Ross), a brutally honest Frenchman (Saul Rubinek), and two bounty hunters (Jonjo O’Neill and Brendan Gleeson).

Plans Go Awry

As you’d expect in a Coen-brothers film, unusual camera angles (from inside a guitar, between a dead man’s legs, etc.) are constant reminders that things are not quite what they seem and plans are destined to go awry. The cinematography by Bruno Debonnel (director of photography) is often beautiful and artistic, and the humor is consistently dark. The sound department did an exceptionally fine job with this film – galloping horse hooves, crunching leather chaps, stomping cowboy boots on hardwood floors, and wagon wheels turning on bumpy ground add another layer of meaning.

At 132 minutes, this film runs a bit long and some judicious editing may have been helpful, particularly in the final two segments. The final story, “The Mortal Remains,” hints at linking all the pieces of this film together, i.e., distracting people with stories that are really about them, but appear to be about something else. Even so, the common threads between the six stories are not always apparent, and, while a dazzling cinematic display, it’s not an entirely cohesive whole.

The Ballad of Buster Scruggs

  • Six short westerns take a strange look at life, death, and the law of the land in early America.
  • Stars: Liam Neeson, James Franco, Zoe Kazan, Brendan Gleeson, Stephen Root, Harry Melling, Tom Waits, Tyne Daly, Tim Blake Nelson, Bill Heck, Jonjo O’Neill, Chelcie Ross, Saul Rubinek
  • Writers-Directors: Ethan Coen, Joel Coen
  • Genre: Comedy/Drama
  • Run Time: 132 minutes
  • MPAA Rating: R (for strong violence)

Leslie C. Halpern is the author of Scantily Clad Truths: Essays on Life with Clothes (and without) and 200 Love Lessons from the Movies.

Can You Ever Forgive Me? – Movie Review

By Leslie C. Halpern

Based on the memoir Can You Ever Forgive Me? by author and convicted forger Lee Israel, this new biopic stars comedy actress Melissa McCarthy in what’s probably her least-funny role to date: a foul-mouthed, mean-spirited, alcoholic has-been author who lies, cheats, steals, and cons her way into paying each month’s rent. If it weren’t for McCarthy’s inherent likability, the character would be completely unsympathetic to most audience members.

Melissa McCarthy and Richard E. Grant star in Can You Ever Forgive Me? Photo copyright 2018 Fox Searchlight Pictures.

A best-selling biographer in the 1970s and 1980s, who wrote about actress Tallulah Bankhead , cosmetics queen  Estee Lauder , and reporter Dorothy Kilgallen, Israel’s inability to play nicely with others and adapt with the times causes her to fall out of favor by 1991. Bookstores offer her previous publications at 75% off and her literary agent (Jane Curtain) won’t return her calls. She loses her full-time job at The New Yorker because she’s drinking alcohol at her desk and spews profanity at the boss. No one is interested in her idea for a biography on singer Fanny Brice. And her aging cat is desperately ill.

Embellishment of Letters

With no money to pay for veterinary care or her monthly rent (and no friends or relatives other than her equally impoverished and alcoholic gay buddy, Jack [Richard E. Grant]), Israel begins embellishing letters by prominent authors and selling them to specialty book sellers. This embellishment of adding an interesting postscript soon turns into completely fabricating letters by literary greats (including Noel Coward and Dorothy Parker), and then eventually into stealing original letters from archival sources and replacing them with her forgeries.

Her crimes appear to be natural extensions of who she was personally and professionally before alcohol and desperation took control of her thinking. She has no qualms about misrepresenting her identity on the telephone or stealing someone else’s clothes from the coat rack. She’s always been fascinated with the writings and performance styles of famous people and expresses that through her biographies. Her offences escalate from petty theft and deception into crimes so serious the FBI becomes involved in tracking her down.

Melissa McCarthy Excels

McCarthy provides some outstanding work here, as someone who’s in denial about her situation and considers her criminal activities to be “literary treasures” and her life’s greatest work. Alone, afraid, and on the brink of disaster, Lee Israel is not a person most of us would like in our lives.

Her prickly personality, drinking, and deception have created her dire circumstances. She created this mess entirely by herself, and yet McCarthy reveals the character’s humanity hiding beneath the off-putting exterior. Grant offers a fine performance as well – another pathetic character whose bad judgment causes his formidable problems.

Even with occasional laughs, this film portrays a seedy story inhabited by people who are their own worst enemies. It’s a sad tale, but certainly one worth telling.

Can You Ever Forgive Me?

  • Fired from her job and virtually unemployable because of her alcoholism and abrasive personality, former best-selling author Lee Israel turns to crime to pay her bills in this true story based on the memoir of the same name.
  • Stars: Melissa McCarthy, Richard E. Grant, Dolly Wells, Ben Falcone, Jane Curtain, Stephen Spinella, Gregory Korostishevsky
  • Director: Marielle Heller
  • Genre: Crime / Briography
  • Run Time: 106 minutes
  • MPAA Rating: R (for language including some sexual references, and brief drug use)

Leslie C. Halpern is the author of Scantily Clad Truths: Essays on Life with Clothes (and without) and 200 Love Lessons from the Movies.


Beautiful Boy – Movie Review

By Leslie C. Halpern

Based on two best-selling memoirs by father, David Sheff, (Beautiful Boy: A Father’s Journey Through His Son’s Addiction) and his son, Nic Sheff, (Tweak: Growing Up on Methamphetamines), this film focuses primarily on how drug abuse undermines the once-close father-son relationship, causes pain within the family, and damages the addict’s brain.

Steve Carell and Timothee Chalamet star in Beautiful Boy. Photo copyright 2018 Amazon Studios.

As depicted in the film, Nic Sheff (Timothee Chalamet) has a childhood far better than most children experience. Living in a custom-built home on a gorgeous plot of land in California with his devoted father, David (Steve Carell) and loving stepmother (Maura Tierney), and two young siblings who idolize him, Nic enjoys a loving family, material wealth, good health, and a talent for writing and illustrating. His mother (Amy Ryan) lives out of town, but they stay in touch often.

Unanswered Questions

So why does he resort to drugs and alcohol in his late teens to fill the black hole inside him? Why does he lie, steal, and engage in other risky and self-destructive behaviors? How does he overcome his addiction? You won’t find out in this movie, which focuses on the past and current relationship between father and son. David’s frequent flashbacks, which can be disorienting at times, return to fun family times when Nic was ages 4, 6, and 12 in a non-linear collection of scenes that show how hard his parents tried over the years to create a healthy environment for their children.

David finally becomes aware of Nic’s long-time drug abuse at age 18, but by then he’s already deep into addiction, which is followed by relapses and recoveries for the next few years. Lovely childhood scenes are contrasted to grotesque addiction scenes that keep the movie cinematically interesting. David, a successful freelance writer, researches information on addiction through the internet and mental health professionals, and even conducts his own field experiment.

Heartfelt Performances

Perhaps the books delve more into elements that could help others who have friends or relatives in the throes of addiction, but this film provides more of a voyeuristic approach to a family in crisis. Steve Carell, normally known for his silliness and fearlessness of doing anything for a laugh, reveals those same traits here, but with a twist. He’s the silly father playing with his children one day, the desperate dad who’ll do anything to save his child the next.

Carell delivers a heartfelt performance, as does Chalamet in his portrayal of Nic, a beautiful boy who somehow manages to retain his good looks despite a crystal meth addiction that normally ravages its victims. His performance is stellar, but the makeup team seemed reluctant to mar his handsome face, which left Chalamet’s acting alone to convince us of his addiction.

Conversely, an oppressive soundtrack takes some of the pressure off the actors by warning that another drug-crazed disappointment is on the way and jangling our nerves by the time it arrives. This film offers plenty to see and feel, but not much new to think about.

Beautiful Boy

  • Based on a true story, an 18-year-old boy’s addiction to alcohol and crystal meth has a devastating effect on him and his family.
  • Stars: Steve Carell, Timothee Chalamet, Maura Tierney, Amy Ryan, Timothy Hutton, Christian Convery, Oakley Bull
  • Director: Felix Van Groeningen
  • Writers: screenplay by Luke Davies and Felix Van Groeningen, based on books by David Sheff and Nic Sheff
  • Genre: Biography, Drama
  • Run Time: 112 minutes
  • MPAA Rating: R (for drug content throughout, and brief sexual material)

Leslie C. Halpern is the author of Scantily Clad Truths: Essays on Life with Clothes (and without) and 200 Love Lessons from the Movies.

Johnny English Strikes Again – Movie Review

By Leslie C. Halpern

In a spoof of the James Bond film Skyfall (2012), this third installment of the Johnny English franchise brings back retired secret agent, Johnny English (Rowan Atkinson), after a mysterious cyber-attack exposes all currently employed undercover British agents working for M17.

Rowan Atkinson stars in Johnny English Strikes Again. Photo copyright 2018 Universal Pictures.

English has been working at a private school as a geography teacher while simultaneously training his young students as junior spies using his questionable skills and knowledge. Against her better judgment, the Prime Minister (Emma Thompson) enlists English to find out who launched the attack and restore order back to London, which is in complete chaos. An old-fashioned technophobe, English finds his former partner, Bough (Ben Miller) who’s slightly more tech-savvy, and plans his mission to locate and neutralize the mastermind.

A Billionaire Computer Genius

Dismissing high-tech weaponry, state-of-the-art vehicles, and new communication devices, English selects a basic gun and an Aston Martin. Not able to operate a cell phone, he stops at hard-to-find pay phones along the road to make calls. Much of the humor is based on his analogue sensibilities pitted against modern-day machinery. The villainous Jason Volta (Jake Lacy), a young billionaire computer genius with celebrity status, naturally wants to take over the world by manipulating its technology.

English’s physicality (especially delightful in an extended virtual reality scene) likewise competes against Volta’s intellect. There’s also a wild card among these two mismatched rivals: Volta’s Russian girlfriend (Olga Kurylenko [a former Bond girl in Quantum of Solace]) isn’t exactly who she pretends to be. Curiously, she’s better with weapons and more physically fit than English, and seemingly more intelligent – at least in terms of common sense and survival skills – than Volta.

Rowan Atkinson’s Physical Comedy

The laughs are few, but the chuckles are many. Atkinson delivers some memorable comedic scenes during a carjacking, while at a nightclub dancing, and hiding inside a coat of armor. The script (by screenwriter William Davies) is humorous, but Atkinson’s physical comedy and interactions with Miller offer the film’s greatest highlights. Lacy’s villain is as generic as Kurylenko is exotic.

It’s fun to watch some of the creative set-ups for future gags. Rather than random non-sequiturs, much of the humor relies on callbacks from people, places, and things mentioned in the movie. Bond aficionados may enjoy the many references to Skyfall, and of James Bond films in general.

Johnny English Strikes Again

  • A dim-witted technophobic former British spy is brought back from retirement after a cyber-attack reveals the identities of all current undercover British agents working for M17.
  • Stars: Rowan Atkinson, Emma Thompson, Ben Miller, Olga Kurylenko, Jake Lacy
  • Director: David Kerr
  • Genre: Action Comedy
  • Run Time: 88 minutes
  • MPAA Rating: PG (for action violence, rude humor, language, and brief rear nudity)

Reviews of other recent movies about crime:

American Animals


The Death of Stalin

The Old Man & the Gun

Leslie C. Halpern is the author of Scantily Clad Truths: Essays on Life with Clothes (and without) and 200 Love Lessons from the Movies.